Motivation Extension in ArchiMate (Part 3) – Source of Intention Concepts

Motivation Extension in ArchiMate (Part 3) – Source of Intention Concepts

As mentioned in Part I, the metamodel of motivational is an extension in ArchiMate as shown in the Figure below that includes two kind of motivational concepts: 1) Source of Intentions 2) Motivation

Source of Intentions: 1) Stakeholder, 2) Driver and 3) Assessment

  1. Stakeholder

A stakeholder is defined as the role of an individual, team, or organization (or classes thereof) that represents their interests in, or concerns relative to, the outcome of the architecture.

ArchiMate Stakeholder Symbol

A stakeholder has one or more interests in, or concerns about, the organization and its enterprise architecture. In order to direct efforts to these interests and concerns, stakeholders change, set, and emphasize goals. The name of a stakeholder should preferably be a noun.

Stakeholder Examples:

  • CEO
  • board of directors
  • shareholders
  • customers
  • business
  • application architects
  • legislative authorities.

Motivation Extension – ArchiMate Diagram

The model below illustrates the modeling of stakeholders. Two main stakeholders are modeled:

ArchiMate Stakeholder Example

  • The Board of ArchiSurance
  • Customer.

The Board is composed of three other stakeholders:  the CIO, the CEOand the CFO.

2. Driver

A driver is defined as something that creates, motivates, and fuels the change in an organization.  The name of a driver should preferably be a noun.

Internal Driver

Drivers may be internal, in which case they are usually associated with a stakeholder. 

Examples of internal drivers (or called “concerns”):

  • Customer satisfaction
  • Compliance to legislation
  • Profitability

External Driver

Drivers of change may also be external:


  • Economic changes
  • changing legislation

ArchiMate Driver Symbol


ArchiMate Diagram illustrates the modeling of internal and external drivers of change.

ArchiMate Driver Example

Interpreting the Diagram

Stakeholders CEO (internal) and Customer  (external) share a common concern Customer Satisfaction, which is an internal driver of change.

The stakeholder CEO also has the satisfaction of the company’s shareholders as a concern.

This driver can be decomposed into two sub-drivers: 

  • Profit 
  • Stock value

In addition to these internal drivers, there is an external driver Economic changes, which influences the internal driver – stock value.

3. Assessment

An assessment may reveal strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, or threats  (SWOT) for some area of interest. These outcomes need to be addressed by adjusting existing goals or setting new ones, which may trigger changes to the enterprise architecture. An assessment is defined as the outcome of some analysis of some driver. The name of an assessment should preferably be a noun or a (very) short sentence.

ArchiMate Assessment Symbol

SWOT Analysis

Internal and External Factors

  • Strengths and weaknesses are internal to the organization.
  • Opportunities and threats are external to the organization.

Maximize the Good and Minimize the Bad

  • Strengths and opportunities may be translated directly into goals.
  • Weaknesses and threats can be considered as problems that need to be addressed by goals that mitigate and reverse the weaknesses and threats.

ArchiMate Assessment Example


  • The weakness “customers complain about the help desk” can be addressed by defining the goal “improve help desk”.
  • The opportunity “customers favor insurances that can be managed on-line” can be addressed by the goal “introduce on-line portfolio management”.

Other ArchiMate Resources


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